Ha Pham, University of Ottawa
Promoting inclusiveness in climate change adaptation are of the utmost importance to ensure that the lives of the many who are traditionally excluded or marginalized and disadvantaged in society, those being most vulnerable to climate change adverse, are protected and further improved. Vietnamese government recognizes the importance of and targets at adaptation with the diversified stakeholder engagement, meaningful participatory processes, and just outcomes. However, the adaptation in Vietnam revealed to be unsuccessful attempt for meaningful stakeholders’ engagement found in official reports of international developmental organizations as well as in academic research. In the paper, I assessed how inclusiveness has been embedded into climate change adaptation policy, identifying the gaps as well as opportunities of inclusive approach in climate change adaptation in Vietnam. There are totally 56 policy documents consisting of national adaptation plans and sectoral adaptation action plans have been collected and analyzed. I limit myself to content analysis of policy documents and the results presented demonstrate a high level of variation in how inclusiveness perspectives are integrated and planned for implementation in adaptation policies in Vietnam across different governance levels and throughout a time periods 15 years from 2008 up to present. The analysis also reveals four main kinds of inclusive gaps, including moral gap, knowledge gap, management gap, and learning gap. My paper also brings the new concept of “inclusive climate change adaptation” to the current debate of adaptation, testing the appropriateness and applications of this concept in adaptation policy making and practices.
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