Mie Mie Kyaw, Department of Zoology, University of Mandalay, Myanmar; Myat Mon Kyaw, University of Information Technology, Myanmar; Khin San Httay, Department of Zoology, Monywa University, Myanmar
The Middle Paunglaung hydropower project (hereafter, the project) is situated in the east of Naypyidaw, Myanmar. Its installed capacity is 150 MW and its implementation period is from 2017 to 2025. There are some environmental challenges associated with the project: deforestation, decreasing biodiversity richness, and habitat degradation. This study is intended to make comparisons of the impacts regarding good governance before and after the project’s implementation. Water quality was analyzed for its physicochemical indicators, heavy metals, and Biochemical Oxygen Demand (B.O.D). In this study, the impacts are more or less heading towards the socioeconomic challenges of local indigenous communities, including diminishing natural resources, especially fisheries resources (about 32 fish species were collected). On the other hand, it is also important to cover the electricity shortage in order to balance demand with supply. There is a need to meet higher socioeconomic levels by monitoring natural resources with stakeholder mapping in order to avoid an environmental crises and to sustain natural resources. There are small-scale threats and large-scale threats; it is of vital importance to have good governance with stakeholder mapping to conserve fisheries and biodiversity richness. Four objectives are to observe/mitigate the environmental challenges, to sustain natural resources, to develop the socioeconomic situations of the local communities, and to inform stakeholders by enhancing public awareness that enables a knowledge-based evaluation. Therefore, it is important to mitigate the environmental stress with stakeholder mapping for the sake of the communities with effective convergence multidisciplinary approaches regarding the Sustainable Development Goals.
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